Vladimir Adamovich Kulchitsky (b. 06.03.1948, Dauriya, Borzin district, Chita region, Russia), neurophysiologist. Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus with a degree in neurophysiology (2017), corresponding member of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus with a degree in physiology (2000), Doctor of Medical Sciences (1989), Professor (1998).
Investigated the central mechanisms of formation of nociceptive reflexes, the processes of structural and functional reorganization of the neural networks of the brain. Proved that the functional state of the cells of the ventrolateral departments of the medulla oblongata is the determining factor for the generation of respiratory rhythm and the formation of sympathoactivating influences regulating the tone of blood vessels and the heart. Together with scientists of the Institute. V. Kerkhof (Germany) experimentally confirmed the modulating effect of prostaglandins on the thermal sensitivity of neurons of the anterior hypothalamus, which made it possible to substantiate the concept of the participation of prostaglandins in the mechanisms of neuronal plasticity. In the medulla, the brain found groups of nerve cells that are involved in the mechanisms of normalizing blood pressure during arterial hypertension and the regulation of pain sensitivity. He studied the central mechanisms of sudden death syndrome. Developed methods for evaluating the effectiveness of therapeutic techniques in clinical settings, in particular, preventing destructive processes in the brain stem after damaging branches of the trigeminal or vagus nerves, optimizing the positive therapeutic effects of physical factors, preventing heart arrhythmias, modeling neuronal communications, studying the functional features of the nervous system in children and adolescents living in the territories contaminated by radionuclides of the Belarusian Polesie.
Author of more than 350 scientific papers, incl. 9 monographs, 18 patents.
Prize of Lenin Komsomol in 1979 for the development of the problem of bulbar mechanisms of respiratory rhythm generation.